The Modern Middle East 2nd ed Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age 1798—1939
"Islam and Liberty", Journal of Democracy 17 1 , p Afghani and 'Abduh: An Essay on Religious Unbelief and Political Activism in Modern Islam, London: Frank Cass

أحمد عبده جابر

" Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE.

أحمد عبده عوض
Great Britain: Oxford University Press
بتسيلم: الاحتلال أعدم الشهيد أحمد عبده دون أن يشكل خطرا على أحد (فيديو)
His father was perhaps of distant Turkish origin, his mother of an Arab family claiming descent from one of the early heroes of Islam
المستشار أحمد عبده ماهر
Abduh was born in 1849, in the Nile Delta, and died at the age of 56, on 11 July 1905 18, , True, his father 'Abduh ibn Hasan Khair Allah, came from a family of Turkish origin that had settled in the village of Mahallat Nasr in the Buhairah Province at some remote time in the past
Islam and modernism in Egypt New York: Oxford university Press

محمد عبده

Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age.

أحمد عبده
His father was Turkish while his mother was Arab
محمد عبده
محمد عبده